Tag Archives: miracles of Jesus

His First Sign: Water to Wine!

Do you believe that God exists and that Jesus is Lord? If so, what reason would you give to someone who asked you why you believe? Here is a list of the most common reasons Christians give for believing. See which one comes closest to your own: 1) Answers to prayer; 2) Reading the Bible; 3) Marveling at what He has created; 4) Seeing changes in the lives of believers; 5) Sensing His presence in the worship services I have attended.

Picture1I ask you that question because that’s our topic for this study. In John chapter 2, we come to a turning point in John’s Gospel. The purpose for everything John wrote, I’d remind you, was to prove that Jesus is God. He states it clearly in John 20:31—“These things are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God and that believing you may have life in His name.”

You see, according to John, it is only by believing in the Deity of Christ that you gain the eternal life He offers. For that reason, he have seen him call eyewitness after eyewitness in chapter 1, each one testifying to the Lordship of Christ. First, it was John the Baptist, then Andrew and John, then Peter, James, Philip, and Nathanael in that order. Six ordinary guys who became the greatest men who ever lived because they were willing to believe! Don’t get confused about that. The reason people go to hell is not a lack of evidence. There’s always more than enough evidence to believe if you’re willing to believe. The reason is a hardness of heart and unwillingness to believe the evidence God has given us.

Oxygen Volume 17But now in chapter 2, John moves on from the testimony of eyewitnesses to a second, even more convincing argument. He presents the first of eight great signs Jesus performed—each one something only God could do. He walks on water, creates new eyes for a blind man, creates food to feed 20,000 peoples, raises a friend from the dead whose body has been decaying for four days, and in the passage before us—John 2:1-12, if you’ll open your Bible with me—He turns water into wine.

I know it also helps sometimes to have a map of where you’re going, so let me do that briefly as we get started. Let me give you a short overview of John’s Gospel. It can be broken into four parts—chapter 1 which we’ve studied where John calls several eyewitnesses to testify to the Deity of Christ, chapters 2 to 11 where John describes the public ministry and miracles of Jesus, chapters 12 to 17 where he describes the private ministry of Jesus to His disciples on the last night before His death, and chapters 18 to 21 which describe His death for our sins and His bodily resurrection from the dead.

Picture2But here we are looking at Jesus’ first great sign described in John chapter 2:1-12 – water turned to wine. To guide our study, I’ve divided it into 4 parts—the feast, the faux pas, the feat, and the faith it gave His disciples as a result.

  1. The Feast

Have you attended any weddings this summer? I attended the reception of my niece and goddaughter a week ago Saturday, and it was beautiful! Beautiful bride! Beautiful decorations! Beautiful setting! It was held at her father-in-law’s 3-acre country with beautifully manicured lawn and garden, just outside of Monroe, Washington. And the food was delicious! The affair lasted all night for those who wished to stay. That was a little too long for some of us older folks. But nothing compared to weddings at the time of Christ.

jesus-turns-water-into-wine_WCA0116-1800Read verses 1 and 2 with me. Here John recalls where the wedding took place: “On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples.” The third day means it was the third day since He met Philip and Nathanael in Bethsaida. So if it was a Sunday they met, it’s now Tuesday—Sunday, Monday, Tuesday—which means everything we’ve read so far has happened in a week. They heard John the Baptist call Jesus the Lamb of God, they stayed with Him all night, they walked with Him from the Jordan to Bethsaida where He met Philip and Nathanael, and now they’re at a wedding with Him in Cana of Galilee. So if you think your schedule is crazy, don’t imagine for a moment that you’re busier than Jesus. He was always about His Father’s business.

Cana was also the hometown of Nathanael according to John 21:2 and about 9 miles from Bethsaida with a population of maybe 100 at the time. So it’s no surprise to find Nathanael there, as well as Mary. Having lived in Romania for 5 years, I can tell you that in old-world rural areas, you not only know the folks in your own village; you have friends and family in the next village too. Joseph isn’t because he’s died by this time. He died during the silent years when Jesus was working in the carpenter’s shop to support His family as the Firstborn Son. We know that because later, when Jesus is dying on the cross, He commits His mother into the care of John the Apostle, who was her nephew, something that wouldn’t have been necessary if Mary hadn’t have been a widow and Joseph was still alive. And as you’d expect of the mother of Jesus, she was busy serving at the wedding, maybe as the wedding coordinator, because you’ll notice in a moment, she feels very free to tell the servants at the reception what to do.

Picture3But the most important fact is that Jesus was there and performed His first public miracle there to emphasize the sanctity and importance of marriage in His eyes. So pay no attention to those who say that marriage is just a piece of paper! They don’t know what they’re talking about! Weddings matter and marriage matters. Marriage is a holy covenant made between one man and one woman in the presence of God and their family and friends, vowing they’ll be faithful to love one another as long as life itself. For that reason no other relationship on earth is as important or wonderful as marriage. Peter calls it “the grace of life,” meaning that of all God’s common graces—the graces He showers upon all people whether they love Him or not—of all His common graces, marriage is the greatest, which means any society that honors marriage as the sacred union of one man and one woman will be blessed, whereas any society that fails to honor marriage is headed for chaos, judgment, disaster, and destruction. So watch out, America, how far you go! God is watching and will not bless what you’re doing!

For that reason, weddings have always been the most important celebrations on earth. I wish I’d understood that better as a young pastor. I would have preached it with even more conviction. The ancient world, especially the Hebrew culture, recognized that fact and considered a wedding the most important event of the year. Romania, where we served as missionaries, was also an old-world country in many ways, and they believed the same thing. Weddings would start in the late afternoon with a two to three hour ceremony at church, followed by a reception that lasted all night long, for anyone who could stay awake.

Picture4So it was in Cana of Galilee! Weddings often began on a Tuesday or Wednesday and lasted until the weekend. Or if you were well-to-do, they could last all week. And everybody came! Everyone was aware of the couple’s engagement that took place the year before, because an engagement was a legal contract that officially bound the partners to each other and could only be broken by divorce, even though the marriage itself wasn’t consummated until after the feast. What went on during that year prior to the wedding? That takes us to point #2—

  1. The Faux Pas

jesus-turns-water-into-wine_MG_0530-1800All year long the bridegroom worked to prepare a place for his bride to live, often a room added onto his father’s home. And he was also responsible to pay the full cost of the wedding. All of this to prove to her father that he had what it takes, that he was could provide for her once she became his wife! You see where the story is headed. The feast is in full swing and everyone is enjoying himself when the wine runs out. And that presents a problem.

As John MacArthur puts it, “Maybe he can’t plan! That’s what all of us fathers who marry off our daughters fear. Maybe he’s all smoke and mirrors and doesn’t know how to earn a living? I hope my daughter isn’t going to have to bring home the bacon!” They ran out of wine in the middle of the greatest celebration this couple would ever have—a huge embarrassment and a big question mark hanging over the head of this groom and his family. So verse 3 says: “When they ran out of wine, the mother of Jesus said to Him, ‘They have no wine.’”

Now why do you suppose she would she say that to Him? Most preachers assume that she wanted Him to do a miracle. But why would she expect that? Had He ever done a miracle? No! Not that He couldn’t, but verse 11 says this was “the first of the signs” Jesus did. So there’s no reason for her to expect Him to do something He’s never done before. Again I think MacArthur gives the best explanation for this. When Mary had a problem, who did she always turn to, especially after Joseph died? Jesus, of course! Think about it. He never had a bad idea or made a bad decision in His life! He always led her in the right direction and had the perfect solution to every problem. If anything ever went wrong in their home, He always knew why it went wrong and exactly how to fix it. He was the smartest, wisest, and most resourceful person who ever lived. And He grew up in her home. By the way, He was also the compassionate person who ever lived! So who else would she turn to with this problem?

jesus-turns-water-into-wine_MG_0694-1800But wait a minute, is that the way a son ought to talk to his mother! Listen to what He says to Mary in verse 4. “Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me? My hour has not yet come.’” Why such harsh words to the mother He loved? First, they didn’t sound nearly as harsh to Mary as when we read them out of context. For one thing, this is something He said to her in private, not publicly so as to embarrass. Remember that the next time you have something hard to say to someone you love, especially to your husband or wife. Wait until you’re alone with them instead of saying it out loud for the whole world to hear. That’s Matthew 18:15. Go to them in private and try to resolve things between the two of you before you let anyone else know about it. Tone of voice also makes a difference, and I know Jesus said it as gently as He could. And He was polite! The word “woman” is the same word He used at the cross when He entrusted His widowed mother into John’s care. Pointing to John, He said to her, “Woman, behold your son!” We have no equivalent in English, but He was saying in effect, “Dear Lady, what does your concern have to do with Me?”

8Why didn’t He call her “Mother?” Because the relationship between them had changed! For 30 years Jesus had been about His mother’s business, doing whatever she asked of Him. But now, with the cross looming before Him, He has just 3 years to be about His Father’s business. His mother, like His disciples, didn’t really get that until after His resurrection. But it’s imperative to let her know that from this point on, His only concern is the mission for which His Father sent Him into this world and nothing, not even familial relationships—can stand in His way. He gave her a warning of this early on in Luke chapter 2, when He was 12 years old and they found Him asking and answering questions of the scholars in the Temple. She scolded Him for worrying her. So He reminded her, “Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business?”

BoyJesusLater He had to remind her again when she and his brothers stood outside a home where He was teaching, waiting to speak with Him. “Who is My mother and who are My brothers?” He said. Then stretching out His hand toward His disciples, He explained, “Here are My mother and My brothers! For whoever does the will of My Father in Heaven is My brother and sister and mother.” That’s true, isn’t it? We who love the Lord Jesus and do the will of His Father in Heaven are His brothers and sisters and mother. You see He wasn’t being unkind. But it had to be said. “I am the Son of God and I’m on a mission of infinite importance, and I can’t allow anything—not even family relationships—stand in My way. And thank God He didn’t let them get in the way. For if He had, you and I wouldn’t be saved today!

Nor is Mary offended. She may not understand the implications of what He’s said. But she knows who her Son is, and she trusts Him. So what does she immediately do? Verse 5: “His mother said to the servants, ‘Whatever He says to you, do it.’” Wise counsel! Wouldn’t you say? Whatever Jesus tells you to do, do it! That would save us a lifetime of grief, wouldn’t it? So what does Jesus tell them to do? That’s the third chapter in this thriller. We’ve been to the feast. We’ve witnessed the social faux pas. Now let’s watch Him as He performs His first miraculous feat.


  1. The Feat

Do you know what the truly marvelous thing about this miracle is? Even though it wasn’t his mother’s place to give Him ministry advice…By the way, we’re going to find that Jesus never took the advice of anybody when it came to ministry. Why not? I thought a humble man always seeks the counsel of others? Not in Jesus’ case! He was humble. No question about that! More humble than you and I have ever dreamed. Try hanging on a cross for a crime you didn’t commit without defending yourself or trying to get even with your enemies! The reason He didn’t seek the counsel of sinful human beings is because He couldn’t trust us and didn’t need it. For this is no mere man we’re talking about. This is the Holy God become Man whose name is Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. So though it wasn’t Mary’s place to give Him advice (nor do I think she was asking for a miracle), women’s intuition may have told her something wonderful was afoot. And it was! By God’s grace her concern, the need of that young couple, and God’s will all came together in one miraculous moment of time, leading to one of the greatest feats He ever performed.

Picture5You see contrary to popular belief, this miracle was not an unexpected and premature event, interrupting God’s plan for His Son, due to a well-meaning but interfering Jewish mother. This was Plan A from before time began—for the first sign of Jesus’ Deity to be a miracle performed at a wedding in Cana of Galilee for His mother, His family, and His friends. Wasn’t that gracious of Him? And here’s how it happened. Verse 6 says: “Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, ‘Fill the jars with water.’ And they filled them up to the brim.”

This wasn’t water for washing their hands or taking a bath. It was for ceremonial purposes. Before a Jewish family would eat a meal, they’d pour water over their pots, their pans, their plates, and their hands, not to get them clean, but to be ritually pure. So for a feast of several days, you had to have a lot of water. But why did He have them fill the jars to the brim? So there would be no question about something being added to the water. Skeptics always try to explain away a miracle. Remember Pharaoh’s magicians and how they tried to copy Moses’ miracles? So they filled the jars to the brim. Ought to last till the weekend, don’t you think? But why so much wine? To picture the super abundance of God’s grace—“Give and it will be given to you. Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over, it will be poured into your lap.”

Picture6“And,” verse 8 continues, “He said to them, ‘Draw some out now and take it to the headwaiter.’ So they took it to him. When the headwaiter tasted the water which had become wine…” Wait a minute, you say! I think I missed it. When did He do the miracle? In between the lines, there between verses 8 and 9! But then that’s how the Bible always describes the miraculous—very matter of fact. You really didn’t expect Jesus to make a big deal out of it, did you? Drum roll, please! “Tuh-dum!”

But what a miracle it was! Verse 9 says: “When the master of the feast (the headwaiter) tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew, (he) called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.’” That’s true, isn’t it? When we invite guests for dinner, we get out our best china, put flowers on the table, pull out our best recipe, cook our best meal, and serve them in style. But if they stay a second or third or fourth day, it’s: “There’s the fridge. Try your luck! I think there are leftovers in the back if you look hard.” But in this case, it’s far different! The maître d says, “Every man serves the good wine first, and when the people have drunk too much, he serves the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” Good wine! This was the best wine anyone ever tasted—like new wine freshly squeezed from the grapes of Eden!


  1. The Faith

But we can’t leave it at that. We need to take a step back before we finish and ask the big question: Why did John tell us this story in the first place? Answer: To help us relive it with him and discover with His disciples who Jesus really is. Remember they’re only a week into following Him and this walking by faith thing is new to them. So Jesus performs a miracle, and John tells us about it, so that both they and we will believe. We have been to the feast. We have witnessed the faux pas. We have seen the miraculous feat He performed.  Now it’s time to solidify our faith in Him. That’s what this miracle did for them and should do for us. Verse 11 says: “This, the first of His signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee and manifested His glory, and His disciples believed in Him.”

jesus-turns-water-into-wine_MG_0586-1800 Remember there are only 6 of them at this time: Andrew, Peter, James, John, Philip, and Nathanael—all of them good friends, fishing partners, and strong believers in the God of the Bible—but not one has ever seen a miracle. Nathanael got a taste of His omniscience when Jesus said to him, “Before Philip found you under the fig tree, I saw you!” But not one of them (or you either, for that matter) ever saw a miracle like this. We’ve seen some amazing answers to prayer, but nothing like the magnitude of this miracle! 150 gallons of water instantly turned to wine!

The impact was so great two things happened right away. First, all six of His disciples put their faith in Jesus. I know. I know. They already believed in Him. Or they wouldn’t have followed Him all the way to Galilee. They called Him “Rabbi.” They called Him “Messiah.” Then Nathanael said, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God. You are the King of Israel.” But Jesus said they would see even greater things than these. And the first and one of the greatest was this—seeing their Creator make something out of nothing just as He had in the beginning. And for what purpose! So that both they and we would never doubt.

People-surround-Jesus-1024x744But even more important is the second thing that happened. John says they saw His glory! Isn’t that the purpose of our lives and what we’ve been longing for since we first met Him? I want to see His glory. And they did, at least in part! What glory? The eternal glory He shared with the Father before time began! You know the verse. So say it with me. John 1:14, “And we beheld His glory, the glory as of the Only Begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.” And the best thing about is you didn’t have to be there to experience it. You can experience it this moment if you have faith to believe. As He said to Thomas, who finally believed and fell at His feet in worship saying, “My Lord and my God,” “Because you’ve seen, you’ve believed. But blessed (That means happy, elated, and overcome with joy!) “Blessed are those who have not seen and yet believed!” And so we believe without seeing, and we behold “His glory, the glory as of the Only Begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.”

Jesus-Face-Paintings-01But someone will say, “I’d believe too if I saw a miracle like that!” Don’t be so sure. The Israelites witnessed 10 miraculous plagues in Egypt and the Red Sea splitting in half before them, and they still didn’t believe and died in the wilderness as a result! And the people of Jesus’ day saw even greater miracles than that. In fact, nowhere in the Gospels does anyone ever question Jesus’ power to do miracles. What His enemies claimed was that He performed miracles by the power of Satan, earning a place in hell as a result of it. The truth is Jesus performed miracle after miracle after miracle, day after day, for three years until virtually all disease was eradicated from Israel. But they still didn’t believe, because faith isn’t about evidence. It’s about a willing heart.

Jesus PleaThat means, if your heart is willing, you can know Jesus this very moment through simple childlike faith. So if you’ve never believed before, open up your heart to Him now as I lead us in a closing prayer. Say these words or words like them with me in the quietness of your heart and, if you truly mean them, Jesus promises that He will come into your life this very moment and live with you forever.

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The Greatest Book on Earth!


1I grew up in the church. Each week my parents took me to Sunday School and there I worshiped in the same building where my grandmother first took my mother to church. But I didn’t know Christ. Bible teaching wasn’t the forte of our church, and I needed reasons to believe.

One of the traits God inserted into my personality when He made me was a ruthless need to be intellectually honest. So I absolutely refused to believe anything that wasn’t rooted in reality. My dad, on the other hand, was raised Roman Catholic with a terrible fear of hell which he tried to soothe insisting that a loving God could never send anybody to hell. But I didn’t buy it. I’d read the Bible on my own and knew that the most loving Person who ever lived was Jesus, and He issued warning after warning about the fires of hell. So who do I  believe? My dad or Jesus? Of course, I knew John 3:16 where God the Father promises eternal life and forgiveness of sins to anyone who believes in His Son. But that was my problem. I didn’t believe! So week after week I sat in that sanctuary praying for faith without any apparent answer to my prayers.


Fast forward 10 years to 1972 and my second year of college. By now, with major life decisions ahead of me, I was desperate for God’s direction. So I made a commitment. I would read the four Bible accounts of Jesus’ life—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—and keep reading them until I could determine if they were fact or fiction. John’s Gospel had the greatest impact on me because of his insistence that in Christ, God Himself had become a Man. And sure enough, by my third time through the Gospels, I’d made up my mind. Looking back I realize now that it was the Spirit of God at work in my heart giving me faith to believe. I prayed, “God, I now believe whatever You say about Your Son Jesus.”

Not coincidentally, that same afternoon a fellow student began to witness to me, explained the Gospel to me more fully, invited me to his small group, and I went. And from that day on, I’ve been a fully-convinced follower of Jesus Christ who in a matter of a few minutes went from not believing in the Bible, the devil, the Resurrection, and the other miracles of Jesus to accepting whatever God says in His Word. I figured if Satan could blind my mind to the truth about Jesus, I’d better not trust my own reasoning powers about anything else either.

I have also made it my practice since then to encourage anyone else who is searching to read the Gospel of John because it more than any other book in the Bible makes it clear who Jesus is and how to follow Him with all your heart. A. T. Robertson, the Greek scholar said of John, “It is the most wonderful of all books in the world.” I couldn’t agree more, for this is the means by which I was born again. It is also the book I want to introduce to you in this study because I think it will also be a major encouragement to your faith.  Together I want us to: 1) Meet its authors; 2) Appreciate its uniqueness; and 3) Hear its message.

41. Meet Its Authors.

 Every passage of Scripture has two authors—the Lord Himself, for as 2 Timothy 3:16 assures us, “All Scripture is inspired by God.” And yet, except for the two tablets containing the Ten Commandments which Moses says were written by the very finger of God, the rest of the Bible was penned by human authors who, as 2 Peter 1:21 explains, “were carried along by the Holy Spirit,” so that only what God wanted written got written.

So if God ensured the reliability of the Bible, why is it helpful to know who the human author was? Two reasons: First, to determine his credibility and whether or not he had the authority to speak for God. In the case of the Old Testament, the test was: Was he recognized as a true prophet? Whereas for the New Testament, he had to an apostle or the associate of an apostle who, like Luke the traveling companion of Paul, wrote under the authority of an apostle.


So what about John’s Gospel? Who wrote it and did he have the authority to do so? One interesting fact is that the author never names himself. Instead, he calls himself “the disciple Jesus loved.” (13:23; 19:26; 20:2; 21:7; 21:20) Then how do we know who wrote it? Because of the unanimous testimony of the early church! Irenaeus, for example, the early church father and disciple of Polycarp, said his master, who was a disciple of the Apostle John, testified that John wrote it during his final years while serving as an elder in Ephesus. John, of course, was given the authority to write it by the Lord Himself who promised His disciples on the night before His death, “When the Spirit of truth comes, He will guide you into all the truth…and declare to you the things that are to come…and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.” (John 16:13; 14:26)

Then why didn’t John simply name himself and remove all doubt? He is mentioned many times in the first three Gospels but he’s never mentioned here. The only John mentioned here is John the Baptist. So why not make it clear who he was? The answer is humility and thankfulness. John didn’t want to detract from the glory of Christ, so he made it all about Jesus and not at all about himself. He also never got over the fact of how much the Lord loved him, so he simply chose to call himself “the disciple Jesus loved.” After all, if you wanted to write a book and give all the glory to Jesus, what better way to do it than remain anonymous and refer to yourself as “the disciple Jesus loved?” Besides, having an apostle’s name affixed to a gospel doesn’t guarantee that it was written by an apostle. The truth is many false gospels were written claiming to be written by an apostle and were not. So it turns out that the testimony of the early church is the most reliable evidence of all.

6Another reason it’s helpful to know who the author was is to see how the truth he taught changed him. In John’s case, it turned his life upside down. He was, you may remember, the little brother of James and the son of Zebedee and Salome who was, according to John 19:25, the sister of Mary, Jesus’ mother. That means that just like John the Baptist, John the Apostle may have been the cousin of Jesus. Together John and James and Zebedee their father owned a fishing business and were also partners with, according to Luke 5:10, Peter and most likely his brother Andrew also, which means Jesus’ first four disciples were already close friends who had learned to trust one another. All of which was planned by the Father who was providentially preparing a team of followers for His Son. So I say to you never take for granted the work God is doing in the hearts of your children, your nieces, your brothers, your grandchildren just because they are family, for He may be preparing to do a great work the likes of which you’ve never dreamed.

By the way, you should also know that Zebedee and sons were doing very well in the fishing business. Mark 1:20 says they actually had hired servants who helped them in the work. William Barclay the historian says that’s why John can also later say of himself that he was “known to the high priest” in Jerusalem and allowed to enter his courtyard while Jesus stood trial. One of the big businesses in Galilee was the salted fish industry. It is therefore likely that John was responsible for delivering fish to the high priest and other wealthy families in Jerusalem. But then Jesus called him and said, “Follow Me, and I will make you a fisher of men.” And without hesitation, John left it all behind to follow Christ.

7Of course, he was just a diamond in the rough when Jesus found him, like you and I were, with a big ego that had to be ground down and a fiery temper that had to be tamed. He and his brother James were the two young men, I’d remind you, who ignited an argument among the disciples when they asked their mother Salome, Jesus’ aunt, to take advantage of their family connection and ask Him to let them sit one at His right hand and the other at His left hand when He came into His kingdom.

They were also the hotheads who on another occasion, because a village of Samaritans didn’t welcome them into their town, asked Jesus, “Lord, do you want us to command fire to come down from heaven and consume them?” (Luke 9:54) Jesus quickly corrected them, “The Son of Man didn’t come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them.” But Jesus’ training paid off, just as it does in our lives, for by what name is John known today? The Apostle of Love! Over 80 times he uses the word “love” in his writings. In fact, it’s said near the end of his life while he was living in Ephesus, his disciples had to help him into the worship services where he only had enough energy to repeat one phrase again and again: “Little children, love one another; love one another; love one another!”

In fact, Jesus had such trust in John that what favor did He ask of him while dying upon the cross? He asked him to take care of His mother. That’s who the author of this Gospel was and how the Lord changed his life.

82. Appreciate Its Uniqueness.

 In His divine wisdom, God chose four of Jesus’ disciples to write a biography or Gospel of His life, so that together they would paint a fully rounded portrait of His Son persuading people from every culture under heaven to believe in Him. The first three Gospels—Matthew, Mark, and Luke—are often called the Synoptic Gospels. The word “synoptic” means to give a comprehensive view so that the whole picture can be seen in its entirety. That’s why many of the stories and teachings in the first three gospels are repeated. Each of the writers is helping to fill in the details so we get a fully rounded picture of God’s Son.


But that isn’t John’s purpose for writing. He repeats very little information from Matthew, Mark, or Luke. For example, he says absolutely nothing about the birth, the genealogy, the baptism, or the temptation of Jesus, because that wasn’t his purpose. He didn’t want to present another earthly narrative of Jesus’ life; he wanted the events of His life to prove His divinity. As a result, 90% of what John includes in his Gospel is found nowhere else in Scripture. He devotes, for example, five chapters to Jesus’ parting words to His disciples on the night before His death. He also includes just 8 miracles—water turned to wine, healing a nobleman’s son, curing a paralytic, feeding the 5,000, walking on water, restoring the sight of a man born blind, raising Lazarus from the dead, and the miraculous catch of fish. Each one is included for one purpose and one purpose only—to prove that Jesus is Lord of heaven and earth with all authority given to Him by God the Father.

1It is also the simplest yet most profound of the Gospels. As a student of Koine Greek, the language in which the New Testament was originally written, I can tell you that John is by far the simplest of all the books to read. However, the truth it presents is so profound it will take the most brilliant scholar among us all of eternity to plumb its depths. J. Sidlow Baxter says of it in his introduction to the Gospel of John, “My pail I’m often dropping deep down into this well; but it’s never touched the bottom however deep it fell; and though I keep on dipping by study, faith, and prayer, I have no power to measure the living water there.” The reason, of course, is because of what it’s attempting to communicate to our finite minds—the infinite and eternal power, majesty, and wisdom of the Son of God whose heart is revealed in this Gospel like no other.

CurtainTornThe Bible teacher, John MacArthur, calls it “the Holy of Holies of the New Testament, for in it the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ is fully displayed and what was inaccessible to people in the Old Covenant is now accessible to us in the New Covenant because the veil has been torn in two and the way is open, so that we may come boldly into the presence of God. In this Gospel we will fellowship in the deepest way with the Lord Jesus. We will hear His beating heart. We will touch His wound prints and hopefully with Thomas say, ‘My Lord and my God! In some ways this gospel is simple enough for a child, yet as sublime as an angel; as gentle as a lamb, yet as bold as a lion; as deep as the sea and as high as the heavens, yet its truths can and must be contained in a single human heart.”

2One advantage of the language, because it is so simple, is that it gives us an opportunity to learn a little Greek together. The reason I want to do that is because there are several controversial passages in the book of John which are translated in very different ways by the translators, which means they’re actually interpretations rather than translations. So one of the things we need to do is go behind the English translations at certain points and see what the simple Greek text says. That is also in keeping with what we teach at The Gathering. Instead of relying on the teachings of this or that denomination or organization, the goal is for each of us to develop a truly Biblical theology based on Sola Scriptura—the Bible alone as the authority for all that we do and believe. I will give you an example of that as we come to the final point in our study.

3. Hear Its Message.

The subject of John’s message is found in its very first line. John says, “In the beginning was the Word.” So who or what is that? The Greek word is “Logos,” referring to Jesus the Son of God. Then why doesn’t John say that from the “get-go?” Two reasons: 1) The Son of God wasn’t given the name Jesus until His birth in Bethlehem when the Angel Gabriel said to his stepfather, Joseph, “You shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.” (Matthew 1:20). Jesus means “the Lord saves” referring to Jesus’ work as Savior. But that isn’t John’s point here. His point is that the Holy Child born in Bethlehem existed long before the world was made, for He was and is the eternal Son of God.

logos-is-the-greek-word-for-reason-or-for-word2) John is building his case, trying to convince his audience of the truth. Every book of the Bible was written with a certain audience in mind, and by now the Jewish people had as a whole rejected the good news of Jesus their Messiah. So John reaches out to those from the Greek culture who were very familiar with the concept of the “Logos,” for in Greek philosophy the Logos was the principle and impersonal power responsible for the structure of the universe.

The Jews had a similar concept, found in Proverbs chapter 8, where it is called not the “Logos,” but the chokmah or “wisdom of God.” There it says of itself, “The Lord possessed me at the beginning of His work…at the first, before the beginning of the earth…when He established the heavens, I was there…when He marked out the foundations of the earth, then I was beside Him, like a master workman; and I was daily His delight, rejoicing before Him always…”

But what John does for the first time is insert life into both concepts by revealing that the Greek Logos and Jewish Wisdom are not an impersonal force, but an eternally living and loving Person—Jesus Christ our Lord. For he goes on to say in verse 14, “The Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.”

EmmanuelJohn uses three key words in this Gospel to make his point—“love” which he uses 53 times; “truth” which he uses 57 times; and “believe” which he uses 97 times. His point is this: You can enjoy a love relationship with God the Father by believing the truth about Jesus His Son. In fact, no other writer is as clear about his purpose as John who is very direct and to the point. The key verse of his book is John 20:31 where he says, “These are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.” John wants us to put the same faith in Jesus that we would put in God the Father, and if we do, he promises we will enjoy new life in His name.

That would be a strange thing to promise and emphasize unless, as Christians have always claimed, God is a Unity but contained within that Unity are Three Persons who are eternally bound together in a love relationship with One Another, the Second Person of which is the Son who is also God. I don’t understand it, but I believe because that’s what this Gospel teaches—that Jesus and the Father are One, and that just as we believe in the Father, we are to love and honor and believe in Jesus His Son.

BlessedNameYou can also see His Deity in the titles He claims for Himself—titles which according to the Old Testament belong to God alone. Eight times, for example, He uses the phrase “I AM” to describe Himself. Those of you who have read the Old Testament realize that is the name by which God revealed Himself to Moses in the burning bush. “Tell them I AM has sent you,” God says to Moses. But here Jesus uses that phrase eight times of Himself claiming, “I AM the Bread of Life.” (John 6:35) “I AM the Light of the World.” (John 8:12) “I AM the Door of the Sheep.” (John 10: 7) “I AM the Good Shepherd.” (John 10:11) “I AM the Resurrection and the Life.” (John 11:25) “I AM the Way, the Truth, and the Life.” (John 14:6) “I AM the True Vine.” (John 15:1) And “before Abraham was, I AM.” (John 8:58)

5Now, just to introduce you to a little Greek before we finish, notice with me the first sentence of John’s Gospel, which says this—Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος (“In the beginning was the Word”). Just five words in the Greek but five words with eternal consequences, because you see that third word—the little word ἦν? We translate it “was.” But that doesn’t really get at its meaning because it’s in the imperfect tense in Greek describing ongoing action in the past. In other words, what John is saying is that Jesus the Word was already existing with God in the beginning before time and space. You’ll notice the creation doesn’t begin until verse 3, but Jesus already existed before that. So if Christ already existed before time and space began, then what does that say about Him? It means He wasn’t created! He had no beginning. And that He Himself is also God sharing life together with the Father forever.


This is more than the human mind can hope to understand. So stop trying. Suspend your disbelief and lay aside every other thought you’ve had about Jesus long enough to re-examine who He is based on Scripture alone. Be intellectually honest reading and rereading these passages until you’re able to believe what the Bible says about Him. That’s my prayer as we study this, the greatest book that has ever been written—that you will believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

(To listen to or download the audio version of this message, click Audio. To download the written version of this message, click Written. P.S. If you know someone confused about the identity of Jesus, please share this and future posts with them. Who knows? God may use it to change your loved one’s destiny!)